The ChipList, by Adrian Offerman; The Processor Portal

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The ChipList 2

Looking for a new computer, and confused by all these different processor flavors? Looking at an old computer, and wondering what it is made off? Or just being a geek, interested in processors and processor technology?

Whether you are buying a new PC or server, refurbishing an old system, or just having this itch, The ChipList is here to fulfill your every processor-need.

The ChipList brings you detailed information on the various processors used in PCs and servers. We cover news, market analyses, specifications, overview tables, roadmaps, benchmarks, and system tests.

1  Introduction

2  4004 - 8085 processors

2.1  Introduction

2.2  Intel i4004 processor

2.3  Intel i4040 processor

2.4  Intel i8008 processor

2.5  Intel i8080/i8080A processor

2.6  Zilog Z80 processor

2.7  Intel i8085A/i8085AH processor

3  8086 - 80186 processors

3.1  Intel i8086A/i80C86A processor, Intel i8088A/i80C88A processor

3.2  AMD Am8086/Am80C86 processor, AMD Am8088/Am80C88 processor

3.3  Harris HS80C86/883 processor, Harris HS80C88/883 processor

3.4  Siemens SAB8086 processor, Siemens SAB8088 processor

3.5  Hitachi H80C88 processor

3.6  Contemporary processors

3.7  Intel i80186/i80C186 processor, Intel i80188/i80C188 processor

3.8  AMD Am80186/Am80188 embedded processor

4  80286 processors

5  80386/80486 processors

6  X86 coprocessors

7  Intel Pentium P5 processors, AMD 5x86/6x86 processors

7.1  Intel Pentium processor

7.2  Intel Overdrive processor for Intel Pentium processor

7.3  AMD K5 processor

7.4  Cyrix 586 processor

8  Intel Pentium II processors


System Management Mode (SMM).

8.1  Intel Pentium II Celeron processor

8.2  Intel Pentium II Mobile Celeron processor

8.3  Intel Pentium II Xeon processor

9  AMD K6 processors

10  Intel Pentium III processors


System Management Mode (SMM).

10.1  Intel Pentium III Celeron processor

10.2  Intel Pentium III Mobile Celeron processor

10.3  Intel Pentium III Xeon processor

11  AMD Athlon processors

11.1  AMD Athlon "Classic" processor

11.2  AMD Duron processor

11.3  AMD Mobile Duron processor

12  Intel Pentium M processors


System Management Mode (SMM).

12.1  Intel Pentium M processor

12.2  Intel Mobile Celeron M processor

13  Intel Pentium 4 processors


System Management Mode (SMM).

13.1  Intel Pentium 4 processor

13.2  Intel Pentium 4 Celeron processor

13.3  Intel Pentium 4-M processor, Intel Mobile Pentium 4 processor

13.4  Intel Pentium 4 Mobile Celeron processor

13.5  Intel Pentium 4 Extreme Edition processor

13.6  Intel Pentium 4 Xeon DP processor

13.7  Intel Pentium 4 Xeon MP processor

14  AMD Athlon XP processors

14.1  AMD Athlon XP processor

14.2  AMD Sempron processor

14.3  AMD Mobile Athlon 4 processor, AMD Mobile Athlon XP processor, AMD Athlon XP-M processor

14.4  AMD Athlon MP processor

15  AMD Athlon 64 processors

15.1  AMD Athlon 64 processor

15.2  AMD Sempron 64 processor

15.3  AMD Mobile Athlon 64 processor

15.4  AMD Turion 64 processor

15.5  AMD Mobile Sempron processor

15.6  AMD Athlon 64 FX processor

15.7  AMD Opteron processor

16  Intel Pentium D Dual-Core processors


System Management Mode (SMM).

16.1  Intel Pentium D Dual-Core processor

16.2  Intel Pentium 4 Celeron D processor

16.3  Intel Pentium D Extreme Edition Dual-Core processor

16.4  Intel Pentium D Xeon DP/MP Dual-Core processor

17  AMD Athlon 64 X2 Dual-Core processors


AMD Athlon 64 X2 processor overview Athlon 64 X2 Dual-Core Athlon 64 X2 Manchester, Rev. E4 Athlon 64 Manchester, Rev. E4, Single Core Toledo, Rev. E6 Windsor 2MB, Rev. F Windsor 2MB, Rev. F, Energy Efficient Windsor 1MB, Rev. F Windsor 1MB, Rev. F, Energy Efficient Windsor 1MB, Rev. F, Energy Efficient Small Form Factor Brisbane, Rev. G, Energy Efficient Turion 64 X2 Trinidad, Rev. F Taylor, Rev. F Tyler, Rev. G Athlon 64 FX Toledo, Rev. E6 Windsor 2MB, Rev. F Windsor 2MB, Rev. F; 4x4, QuadFather Opteron 64 Dual-Core Denmark, Rev. E Italy, Rev. E Italy, Rev. E, High Efficiency Egypt, Rev. E Egypt, Rev. E, High Efficiency Santa Ana, Rev. F Santa Ana, Rev. F, High Efficiency Santa Rosa, Rev. F Santa Rosa, Rev. F, High Efficiency Santa Rosa, Rev. F Santa Rosa, Rev. F, High Efficiency

AMD dual-core die. [AMD]

AMD dual-core die

17.1  AMD Athlon 64 X2 Dual-Core processor

17.2  AMD Sempron X2 Dual-Core processor

17.3  AMD Athlon 64 FX Dual-Core processor

17.4  AMD Turion 64 X2 Dual-Core processor

17.5  AMD Opteron Dual-Core processor

18  Intel Core processors


Intel Core processor overview Core Core Duo Yonah Yonah, LV Yonah, ULV Core Solo Yonah Yonah, ULV Celeron M Yonah-1024 Yonah-1024, ULV Dual-Core Xeon Sossaman, LV


System Management Mode (SMM).

18.1  Intel Core Solo processor

18.2  Intel Core Duo processor

18.3  Intel Pentium Dual-Core mobile processor

18.4  Intel (Mobile) Celeron M processor

18.5  Intel Dual-Core Xeon processor

19  Intel Core 2 processors


Intel Core 2 processor overview Core 2 Core 2 Duo Conroe Conroe 2M Allendale Core 2 Quad Kentsfield Core 2 Duo Merom Merom 2M Celeron M Merom-1024 Core 2 Extreme Conroe XE Core 2 Quad Extreme Kentsfield XE Core 2 Xeon Woodcrest Woodcrest LV Conroe Conroe 2M Core 2 Quad Xeon Cloverton Cloverton LV Kentsfield Quad-Core Xeon MP Tigerton Tigerton LV Dual-Core Xeon MP Tigerton-DC


System Management Mode (SMM).

19.1  Intel Core 2 Duo processor

19.2  Intel Core 2 Duo mobile processor

19.3  Intel Core 2 Solo mobile processor

19.4  Intel Pentium Dual-Core mobile processor

19.5  Intel (Mobile) Celeron M processor

19.6  Intel Core 2 Extreme mobile processor

19.7  Intel Pentium Dual-Core processor

19.8  Intel Celeron processor

19.9  Intel Core 2 Extreme processor

19.10  Intel Core 2 Dual-Core Xeon processor

19.11  Intel Core 2 Quad processor

19.12  Intel Core 2 Quad Extreme processor

19.13  Intel Core 2 Quad Xeon processor

20  AMD K10 processors

20.1  AMD Phenom X4 Quad-Core processor

20.2  AMD Phenom X3 Triple-Core processor

20.3  AMD Opteron Quad-Core processor

21  Intel Itanium processors


Itanium processor overview Itanium classic Merced Itanium 2 McKinley Madison Hondo Deerfield Madison 9M Fanwood Fanwood LV Itanium 2 9000 series Montecito Millington Millington LV

True 64 bit processor (contrary to AMD64 and EM64T, being 64 bit extensions to the IA-32 architecture).
EPIC architecture (Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing): tight coupling between hardware (processor) and software (compiler).
Performance depending on compilers generating efficient code (Instruction Level Parallellism, ILP), requiring more intelligence in the compiler back-end.
Itanium Instruction Set Architecture (ISA), Itanium System Environment (ISE).


Initiated by HP in 1990 (code name PA-WideWord, PA-WW), jointly developed by Intel and HP from 1993, originally as a follow-up to their respective X86 and PA-RISC processors. Other processors that would be obsoleted by Itanium were DEC/Compaq Alpha and SGI MIPS.

Itanium has problems gaining market share since its introduction in 2001. Back then, the first items were two years delayed. Its performance was poor, in particular of the IA-32 compatibility unit, which was buggy as well. SMP configurations (Symmetric Multi-Processing) were limited to four processors. And not enough native Itanium applications were available.

This forced HP to extend its PA-RISC roadmap with an extra generation (8900 series), and forced SGI to add even another two generations to its MIPS roadmap.

Sun cancelled its Solaris port for Itanium. And with Linux emerging, IBM, SCO, and Sequent cancelled their joint effort to combine their respective AIX, UnixWare, and PTX UNIXes into a single operating system (Monterey-64).

Finally, after AMD introduced 64 bits extensions (AMD64) to its processors, Intel was forced to follow with EM64T, pushing Itanium further up and away from the server market segment dominated by Intel Xeon and AMD Opteron processors.

Today's market

Nowadays, all HP engineers working on Itanium have been transferred to Intel.
Itanium is only sold in high-end server and High Performance Computing (HPC) markets.
Since IBM and Dell dropped the Itanium servers from their product portfolios in 2005, by far most of the Itanium systems are being sold by HP. That makes Itanium mostly a replacement for HPs Alpha (DEC/Compaq) and PA-RISC processors, competing against IBM Power and Sun/Fujitsu UltraSparc. Other manufacturers selling Itanium systems are Bull, Fujitsu, Hitachi, NEC (together with Unisys), and SGI.

Today, Itanium is supported by Linux (Trillian, Red Hat, and SuSE), Compaq Tru64 Unix (HP), and HP-UX of course. Currently SGI is in a transition from its traditional IRIX on MIPS systems to Linux on Itanium.
Longhorn Server will support Itanium only for specific workloads: databases, custom jobs, and line-of-business applications.

In 2005, the companies currently manufacturing or selling Itanium hardware founded the Itanium Solutions Alliance, to promote the availability and acceptance of Itanium solutions in the market.

21.1  Intel Itanium "classic" processor

21.2  Intel Itanium 2 processor

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